What is prostate cancer?
The prostate gland is found only in men. It is about the size of a walnut, and sits just below the bladder in front of the rectum. The urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder) runs through the prostate. The role of the prostate gland is to manufacture a fluid that is part of the semen (the fluid that contains sperm).
Prostate cancer is the second most common cause of cancer deaths among men. According to the American Cancer Society, an estimated 218,890 new cases will be diagnosed in the year 2007. The risk of developing prostate cancer increases significantly after the age of 65.
What is ovarian cancer?
Ovarian cancer is uncontrolled grown of aberrant cells in the ovaries. Like most cancers, ovarian cancer is staged on the basis of how far it has spread from the site where it originates.
Stage I: The cancer has not spread beyond the ovaries.
Stage II: The cancer has spread to the uterus, fallopian tubes, bladder, sigmoid colon, rectum or other pelvic organs.
Stage III: The cancer has spread beyond the pelvis to the lining of the abdomen and/or to lymph nodes.
Stage IV: The disease has spread to distant organs such as the liver or the lungs.
What is cervical cancer?
The cervix is the lower part of the uterus that connects the uterus to the vagina. Most cervical cancers begin in the cells lining the cervix, but the changes that lead to cancer usually occur very slowly and can be identified via a Pap smear (also known as a Pap test), a screening test recommended for all women beginning at age 21. In the U.S., some 12,000 women develop cervical cancer every year. Most of them have not had regular Pap tests.
As you read the staggering statistics from the American Cancer Society, remember that there are steps we can all take – small steps every day – to help prevent this disease and lower these numbers.
• Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the U.S. after cardiovascular disease.
• About 1,200,100 new invasive cancer causes were diagnosed in 2000.
• One out of every four people in the U.S. will eventually develop cancer.
• About half of all men and one third of all women will develop cancer.
• Almost 80 percent of all cancer cases are diagnosed at the age of 55 and older.
• Research suggests that about one-third of cancer deaths in the U.S. are related to diet – another third are due to cigarette smoking.